Donald Trump can still rely on a remarkable amount of credulousness from top news organizations, particularly in their headlines and initial tweets.
Trump on Thursday morning ad-libbed that he ordered the assassination of Iranian General Qassim Suleimani “because they were looking to blow up our embassy”. When asked what evidence he had, he simply said it was “obvious”. At a political rally on Thursday night, he went further: “Soleimani was actively planning new attacks and he was looking very seriously at our embassies and not just the embassy in Baghdad.”
And still, he got the kind of coverage normal presidents get when they say something controversial, rather than the coverage that a compulsively lying president ought to get when he says something that’s obviously made up.
Some of the news coverage described his declaration as a new revelation, some as a contradiction, some as a possible conflation. Much of the coverage at some point noted that it lacked supporting evidence. But none that I saw called it out for what it really was: Yet another bit of disinformation intended to excuse one of the most impulsive, illegal, dangerous and consequential acts Trump has taken yet.
Here’s what the headlines could have said: “Trump makes new, baseless claim to justify shocking, inflammatory assassination of Iranian general”
Instead, the initial tweets were little blasts of raw propaganda:
President Donald Trump said he ordered the killing of Iran's top general Qassem Soleimani because Iranians 'were looking to blow up our embassy' pic.twitter.com/xhQdDMWEmc
— Reuters (@Reuters) January 9, 2020
Trump on why he ordered a drone attack that killed Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani:
"They were looking to blow up our embassy" pic.twitter.com/TtvZ1wcdJx
— The Washington Post (@washingtonpost) January 9, 2020
From a CNN national security analyst:
Trump may have just shared the "imminent threat" – "they were looking to blow up our Embassy"
— Sam Vinograd (@sam_vinograd) January 9, 2020
Credulity from CBS
On the CBS Evening News, Nancy Cordes said Trump “offered a new rationale” for the killing – then offered qualified support for it, reporting that “A senior defense official said the U.S. government was concerned about a plot against the U.S. embassy in Baghdad – but that’s not what top officials told lawmakers yesterday.”
Bloomberg notes a ‘shift’
At Bloomberg News, under the headline Trump Says Soleimani Killed After Iran Plot to ‘Blow Up’ Embassy, Josh Wingrove indicated that Trump was maybe conflating things.
The president’s justifications for killing Soleimani have shifted. He has said the Iranian general was planning unspecified “imminent” attacks against U.S. forces. He has also blamed Soleimani’s history of helping to foment unrest in the Middle East and provide weapons to Iraqi militia that were used to kill American troops in the Iraq War.
He has not previously accused the Iranians of seeking to destroy the Baghdad embassy. Asked subsequently to explain what he meant, he indicated that he was referring to the protests, during which fires were set on the embassy grounds.
New York Times speculates
In the New York Times, under the guileless headline “Trump Claims Iranians Were Plotting to Blow Up American Embassy,” Michael Crowley and Eileen Sullivan injected some skepticism right away:
President Trump asserted without evidence on Thursday that a top Iranian commander killed in an American airstrike was plotting to blow up an American embassy.
The president’s unsubstantiated account comes as Democrats are demanding details about the intelligence underlying the Trump administration’s decision to kill Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani, the leader of the powerful Quds Force of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps.
“We did it because they were looking to blow up our embassy,” Mr. Trump said in remarks to reporters during an unrelated event at the White House.
But their speculation about what Trump really meant was way too charitable:
It was unclear whether Mr. Trump might have been disclosing new details about what the administration has called an “imminent” Iranian plot against American interests in the region, or whether he was referring to the pro-Iranian protesters who stormed the American Embassy in Baghdad last week, a subject he returned to later in his remarks.
CNN was all over the place
On CNN’s “Situation Room,” Jim Acosta called Trump out for hyping:
After a day of deescalation, President Trump is back to saber rattling and hyping the case for taking out Iranian General Qassem Soleimani. The President claimed that the Iranians were preparing to blow up the U.S. embassy in Baghdad, but administration officials are doing some cleanup saying the President was not talking about a new plot to attack the embassy.
Jake Tapper’s interpretation was that “the president clarified he was talking about when the Iranian-backed militia was storming the embassy.”
But at CNN’s web site, under the headline “Trump claims Soleimani plotted to blow up US embassies,” Ryan Browne and Paul LeBlanc gave undue credence to a sole “senior defense official” who supported Trump’s version of events:
A senior defense official backed up the statements later on Thursday, telling reporters the US had intelligence about multiple plots and threats involving Soleimani, including one that involved a plan to attack the embassy using explosives.
The plot was separate and more sophisticated than the attempts to storm the US embassy in Baghdad by Molotov-cocktail wielding Khatib Hezbollah members and its supporters, an effort US officials have said was also orchestrated by Soleimani.
The official added that the US government was concerned about the threats posed by Iranian-linked groups to multiple US embassies in the period leading up to the strike on Soleimani, including the US embassy in Beirut, Lebanon.
But the senior defense official would not provide any additional details on the plot against the embassy citing the sensitivity of the intelligence.
Dribbles of skepticism appear at NBC and Politico
If you were watching carefully, you could actually see a modicum of skepticism leaking into some of the reporting in real time.
One the NBC Nightly News, one version of Kasie Hunt’s report, presumably the earlier one, had her saying: “Meanwhile, the president revealing more about the intelligence behind the strike – but not making the evidence public.”
In what was presumably a later version, Hunt revised that to say “Meanwhile, the president making unsubstantiated claims about his justification for the strike.”
In a Politico article headlined “Trump Says Soleimani Killed After Iran Plot to ‘Blow Up’ Embassy,” Caitlin Oprysko termed it “a previously undisclosed plot.”
An earlier version of the story included this phrase: “The detail would be one of the most concrete revelations about the attack…”
In the later version, there was a new phrase in its place: “Trump was still vague about the threat..”
Fox News (on the web) for the win!
The best headline and coverage I saw was, from all places, the Fox News web site, where in a story headlined “Trump remarks ignite conflicting claims about plot against US embassy,” Morgan Phillips didn’t remotely take Trump’s comment at face value. Her top:
She presented a likely explanation:
But later on, Trump mentioned the attack on the U.S. embassy in Baghdad on New Year’s Eve. Multiple White House officials confirmed to Fox News that he was referring to this attack in his “blow up” comments rather than a previously undisclosed threat.”
And reminded readers of the previous and still operative, but unspecified, rationale:
White House officials continue to insist, however, that there was an imminent threat posed by Soleimani that led them to take him out at that time, but it was not about blowing up the Baghdad embassy. They decline to specify the actual threat.
And finally she provided this astonishing exchange from Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s visit to Laura Ingraham’s Fox News show Thursday night, in which Pompeo notably did not confirm what Trump said:
“The president says Soleimani wanted to blow up the embassy. Is that accurate? He wanted to blow up the embassy?” Ingraham asked.
“It was his forces that penetrated our embassy just a handful of days before that Kata’ib Hezbollah warriors orchestrated, directed by Qasem Soleimani himself,” Pompeo replied. “I don’t think there’s any doubt that Soleimani had intentions, not only to take action against our forces, our diplomats in Iraq, but in other countries around the region and world as well.”
Washington Post does the minimum
The Washington Post didn’t pay it much attention. Kareem Fahim and Sarah Dadouch mentioned it in a wider-ranging story, writing that “It was not clear whether he was referring to previously undisclosed intelligence or to the storming of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad by supporters of an Iranian-backed Iraqi militia a few days before Soleimani was killed.”
The next test
Keep an eye on coverage of Pompeo’s incredibly obvious backsliding on the concept of imminence – also from his appearance on Ingraham’s show.
“There is no doubt that there were a series of imminent attacks that were being by plotted by Soleimani. We don’t know precisely when and we don’t know precisely where, but this was real.”
Oh my God he… he doesn’t know what “imminent” means, does he?pic.twitter.com/aA4WdYrGap
— Brian Tyler Cohen (@briantylercohen) January 10, 2020
Internet news pioneer Dan Gillmor isn’t optimistic:
Lying doesn't get much more brazen than this, but it's been so normalized that within a day no one will even remember. https://t.co/7j9ZMzQsAn
— Dan Gillmor (@dangillmor) January 10, 2020
But HuffPost’s Amanda Terkel offers some model coverage, reporting flat-out that “officials have no idea when or where this supposed attack would take place.”
Where do you go for the truth?
The truth-telling had to wait until it could be attributed to someone else.
As it happened, Bernie Sanders was on NBC’s Today Show on Friday morning. Asked if he believed there was intelligence about embassy threats, Sanders said: “No.” He explained:
The difficulty that we have, and I don’t mean to be rude here, is that we have a president who is a pathological liar. So could it be true? I guess it could be. Is it likely to be true? Probably not. I think what happens in our own country and around the world is that people don’t believe much of what Trump says, and when you lie all the time, the problem is sometimes maybe you’re telling the truth and people are not going to believe you.
James Risen, the former longtime New York Times reporter, has the big picture at the Intercept, where he writes that “Donald Trump has dragged America into a moral abyss. And yet Congress, the press, and the public are unwilling to admit that we are now standing in blood.”
And Stephen Colbert asked on Thursday night’s show: “Has everyone already forgotten what happens when we don’t ask for concrete evidence justifying a military attack against a Middle Eastern country whose name begins with ‘Ira’?”