Steven Sund, the disgraced former chief of the Capitol Police Department, was explicitly warned in a Jan. 3 memo from his own intelligence unit that thousands of desperate, violence-prone Trump supporters were planning to target Congress on Jan. 6, encouraged by the president himself.
The memo didn’t really say much more than was already obvious to anyone paying attention, but it was authoritative, detailed, and, of course, prescient.
Sund waved it off. He didn’t bother to share it with the rank and file. He didn’t equip his frontline officers with tear gas, or other non-lethal crowd-control weapons, or riot gear. Instead, he sent them out in street uniforms to man barricades made of bike racks, and get the shit beaten out of them, in one case fatally. He let the Capitol fall to a mob.
But in his first public comments on Tuesday, Sund had the breath-taking gall to blame the breach of the Capitol not on his own poor decision-making, but on a “clear lack of accurate and complete intelligence across several federal agencies.”
And the pathetic, credulous, ill-informed senators to whom he was testifying lapped it up.
They focused relentlessly on one minor data point – a Jan. 5 report from the FBI’s Norfolk field office, which described a single thread from a message board that called for war and included a map of Capitol tunnels.
The report’s existence was disclosed by the Washington Post on Jan 12, and the story made a huge splash because it was the first public evidence that the Capitol Police had in fact been forewarned.
But three days later, the Post published the real bombshell: a story about that Jan. 3 memo.
The Jan. 5 FBI report was shared with the Capitol Police intelligence unit. Sund said he didn’t get it, however, and under leading questioning from Democratic Sen. Jeff Merkley of Oregon blamed the unit’s director, John Donahue, for that.
This one incident, arguably of no real significance, led senator after senator to express grave concern about what Sen. Gary Peters called “colossal breakdowns” in intelligence gathering and intelligence sharing.
Sund’s story is that because of flawed intelligence, he judged the danger posed by the Jan. 6 protests as similar in scale to that posed by previous pro-Trump rallies nearby, none of which amounted to much.
But take a few moments to read this one, “redacted” excerpt from the internal Jan. 3 memo that the Post made public. Sund’s excuses fall apart. (The public really needs to see the full, unredacted memo, by the way.)
Due to the tense political environment following the 2020 election, the threat of disruptive actions or violence cannot be ruled out. Supporters of the current president see January 6, 2021, as the last opportunity to overturn the results of the presidential election. This sense of desperation and disappointment may lead to more of an incentive to become violent. Unlike previous post-election protests, the targets of the pro-Trump supporters are not necessarily the counter-protesters as they were previously, but rather Congress itself is the target on the 6th. As outlined above, there has been a worrisome call for protesters to come to these events armed and there is the possibility that protesters may be inclined to become violent. Further, unlike the events on November 14, 2020, and December 12, 2020, there are several more protests scheduled on January 6, 2021, and the majority of them will be on Capitol grounds. The two protests expected to be the largest of the day – the Women for American First protest on the Ellipse and the Stop the Steal protest in Areas 8 and 9 — may draw thousands of participants and both have been promoted by President Trump himself. The Stop the Steal protest in particular does not have a permit, but several high profile speakers, including Members of Congress are expected to speak at the event. This combined with Stop the Steal’s propensity to attract white supremacists, militia members, and others who actively promote violence, may lead to significantly dangerous situations for law enforcement and the general public alike.
Imagine reading that memo and failing to put your own officers on red alert; failing to prepare them to repel what seemed like an inevitable onslaught.
The closest any senator came to asking about that was Vermont Democrat Patrick Leahy. “It’s not that we had inadequate resources, but a failure to deploy the people that we were supposed to,” he told Sund. He noted that Sund had in a previous letter acknowledged knowing that white supremacist groups and other extremist groups were expected on Jan. 6 and might become violent.
“I really wonder why we didn’t take them seriously enough to be prepared for them,” Leahy said. “You said there wasn’t enough intelligence,” he said. “How much more intelligence do you need than that?”
The point is that clearly something else was going on in Sund’s head to reduce his sense of alarm. And if you think about it for just an instant, you know exactly what it was.
As Rep. Cori Bush – a veteran of many Black Lives Matter protests – put it on MSNBC the very evening of the insurrection: “Had it been people who look like me, had it been the same amount of people, but had they been Black and brown, we wouldn’t have made it up those steps… we would have been shot, we would have been tear gassed.”
The reporting on this element of the story – why Sund and the House and Senate sergeants-at-arms, also older white males, weren’t particularly alarmed by the MAGA horde – has been terrible. Nearly nonexistent.
The one exception has been an article by Joaquin Sapien and Joshua Kaplan for ProPublica, based on interviews with 19 current and former U.S. Capitol Police officers. They reported:
The interviews… revealed officers’ concerns about disparities in the way the force prepared for Black Lives Matter demonstrations versus the pro-Trump protests on Jan. 6. Officers said the Capitol Police force usually plans intensively for protests, even if they are deemed unlikely to grow violent. Officers said they spent weeks working 12- or 16-hour days, poised to fight off a riot, after George Floyd was killed by Minneapolis police — even though intelligence suggested there was not much danger from protesters.
“We had intel that nothing was going to happen — literally nothing,” said one former official with direct knowledge of planning for the Black Lives Matter demonstrations. “The response was, ‘We don’t trust the intel.’”
By contrast, for much of the force, Jan. 6 began like any other day.
“We normally have pretty good information regarding where these people are and how far they are from the Capitol,” said Keith McFaden, a former Capitol Police officer and union leader who retired from the force following the riot. “We heard nothing that day.”
But nobody at the Senate hearing even mentioned the issue of race. Not once.
Nobody asked Sund to compare and contrast his preparedness for Jan. 6 with his preparedness for Black Lives Matter protests that weren’t even nearby. Nobody asked why Sund didn’t give front-line officers tear gas. Nobody asked Sund or the two sergeants-at-arms if the white privilege they shared with the mob had made it seem unthreatening to them, unlike the “other”.
Indeed, the only mention of possible complicity came when Trumpist Sen. Josh Hawley lashed out at House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s choice of retired Lt. General Russel Honoré to lead a review of Capitol security. A day after the ransacking of the Capitol, Honoré told a TV station what a lot of people were thinking: “We knew they were coming; everybody knew they were coming,” he said. “I’ve just never seen so much incompetence, so they’re either that stupid, or ignorant or complicit. I think they were complicit.”
BuzzFeed’s Sarah Mimms tweeted:
Hawley ended by asking each of them, “Were you complicit in the attacks on Jan. 6?” They, obviously, each say no. Sund is offended. Hawley: “Of course none of you were.” So that takes care of that.
Reporters from alternative media expressed some skepticism about the hearing and the senator’s questions. Daily Beast reporter Spencer Ackerman noted:
No Senator is asking the Capitol police leadership about the police that actively or passively aided the rioters, nor about the infinitesimal number of arrests.
— Spencer Ackerman (@attackerman) February 23, 2021
HuffPost reporter Igor Bobcic tweeted:
It’s worth noting no senator has brought up yet in this hearing fact that some Capitol Police officers are under investigation for their roles aiding rioters on Jan 6
And veteran military reporter Sig Christensen complained:
The hearings are going just as I thought they would. Before long, the principal players in this saga will have disinfected the crime scene and declared themselves blameless, and the competing narratives out there will so muddy the waters that no one will know what to believe.
But the mainstream media coverage was awful.
The lack of intelligent, appropriately skeptical reporting on the Capitol Police’s failure of preparedness has been absolutely shocking from the beginning. It was shocking to me on Jan. 13. It’s still shocking six weeks later.
And now, reporters, like the senators, are focusing on that one, one-source FBI report — and on Sund’s excuse that he didn’t have specific intelligence of a coordinated attack.
NBC reporter Ken Dilanian likened it to the 9/11 intelligence failures:
The fact that an FBI warning about potential violence at the Capitol was sent via email—and not forwarded to the Capitol Police chief, according to his testimony—is very reminiscent of what happened pre-9/11. There was intelligence, but it wasn’t properly shared and understood.
— Ken Dilanian (@KenDilanianNBC) February 23, 2021
The AP reported:
Faulty intelligence was to blame for the outmanned Capitol defenders’ failure to anticipate the violent mob that invaded the iconic building and halted certification of the presidential election on Jan. 6, the officials who were in charge of security declared Tuesday in their first public testimony on the insurrection.
The Washington Post reported:
An FBI warning of potential violence reached the U.S. Capitol Police on the eve of the Jan. 6 attack, but top leaders testified during a Senate hearing Tuesday that they did not see it.
But everyone paying attention at the time realized the Capitol was going to be the target on Jan. 6. And while in retrospect it all seems inevitable, this momentous event in our history could very likely have been nipped in the bud by better preparation. Tear gas is very effective.
Similarly, while some of the insurrectionists were clearly coordinated, there is still no evidence that this wasn’t at heart, at least for some of them, a crime of opportunity: The hordes arrived at the Capitol, screaming mad, and – amazingly enough – were able to get in. While some appeared to be looking for victims, some of them simply wandered around taking selfies. Could they really have expected the Capitol to fall so easily?
The Washington press corps has finally found the courage to call out some lies: That the election was stolen; that the Jan. 6 insurrection was staged by antifa. Clearly, their bosses have given them the OK to call those out.
But when it comes to the regular business of Washington – particularly if there’s a whiff of racism behind the lies – it’s back to mindless stenography.
At the very end of Tuesday’s hearing, Senate Rules Committee Chair Amy Klobuchar — did someone on her staff read my tweets? — finally mentioned that Jan. 3 report. She said it “contained… some pretty foreboding details that I would have thought would have resulted in planning and more preparation.”
So maybe there’s still some hope.
UPDATE AT 10:10 p.m. ET, February 23, 2021:
Wow! In a news story published Tuesday night, the Washington Post reports that the Jan. 3 memo written by the Capitol Police’s own intelligence unit, “said organizers were urging Trump supporters to come with guns and specialized combat gear, including gas masks and military-style bulletproof vests called ‘plate carriers.'”
So Sund’s excuse that he wasn’t warned about coordination, and couldn’t possibly have expected a mob equipped with military gear, is exposed as just more lies. BOOM.
Now why the Post story leads with more idiocy about the Jan. 5 FBI bulletin, which is completely insignificant compared to the Jan. 3 memo, I cannot possibly explain.
This was like 9-11 intelligence but not in the way that Ken Dilanian means — that intelligence supposedly wasn’t shared. The Bush administration had plenty of dire warnings that Bin Laden was going to attack us, they just refused to listen, put our government on high alert or hold regular “principals” meetings of the top people in charge of national security the way the Clinton administration had done. The Bush administration managed to keep most of those warnings classified but Tenet testified about at least one emergency meeting his top people had had demanded with Condi on July 10 (Bush was out of town). She was explicitly told that “ There will be significant terrorist attacks against the United States in the coming weeks or months. The attacks will be spectacular. They may be multiple. Al Qaeda’s intention is the destruction of the United States”. Condi did nothing. Although Tenet testified about that meeting to the 9-11 Commission in closed door testimony they omitted any mention about it in their report. The public only heard about Bush’s August 6th briefing that he flippantly dismissed but not the many dire warnings he received in the month preceding that briefing.
Just like the top Bush administration people chose to deliberately ignore the intelligence they had been given the Capitol Police ignored the intelligence that was more than enough to warn them of what was coming.
So we screwed up. Lives lost, many injured, our legislative building pillaged . . . that is not democracy. It’s anarchy. Let’s stop the recriminations and concentrate on not having it happen again.
Sund repeatedly defended his actions by comparing it to the previous two MAGA rallies that didn’t result in federal buildings being attacked. But the Jan 3 intel report made it glaringly obvious that Jan 6 was NOT like those previous protests..
” Unlike previous post-election protests, the targets of the pro-Trump supporters are not necessarily the counter-protesters as they were previously, but rather Congress itself is the target on the 6th.” and “Further, unlike the events on November 14, 2020, and December 12, 2020, there are several more protests scheduled on January 6, 2021, and the majority of them will be on Capitol grounds. The two protests expected to be the largest of the day – the Women for American First protest on the Ellipse and the Stop the Steal protest in Areas 8 and 9 — may draw thousands of participants and both have been promoted by President Trump himself.”
Sund also lied about the threat that he confronted on Jan 6. He said that “thousands of well-coordinated, well-equipped violent criminals” attacked the perimeter. But they weren’t well-coordinated or well equipped. They were a bunch of people who left the rally early to march to the capital — most of them in puffy coats. This is from 12:29 in front of the DoJ building on constitution ave.. https://int.nyt.com/data/videotape/finished/2021/01/capitol_timeline/talia-edited-640w.mp4
see any militias? I don’t. Just MAGA types, walking toward the capitol. And when the got there, they easily outflanked the capitol police BECAUSE the perimeter had been expanded, so the capitol police retreated to a defensible position — the capitol steps themselves. And they held that position for about an hour — until the the rest of the MAGA mob arrived from the ellipse.
The militias may be the scariest part of the mob that day — but they weren’t the reason that the Capitol was invaded. That was because of the massive mob that Trump had incited.
Now let’s expand on the implications of this knowledge that the leadership of the Capitol Police was COMPLICIT with Trump/Republicans/white Supremacists…
How many police chiefs across the U.S. are the same? How many police forces have voted-in white supremacists / Trumpers into the leadership of their police Union? I live in NYC, where the powerful union leader — a man elected by the largest police force in the country — is a white supremacist. I just discovered that deeply disturbing truth during the summer of George Floyd protests which faced frequent violent backlash from police.
I know it’s frowned upon to support defunding the police, but part of the logic behind defunding is that we KNOW a proportion of officers are simply too racist and too violent to be able to serve the public responsibly. No amount of training is going to solve the inherent racism problem. The racist/dangerous cops need to be rooted out and fired. That may mean police forces are cut down by 5%, 15%, maybe even 25% or more. But we can make up the slack by hiring non-gun-carrying specialists trained to aid/lead the response to situations involving mental illness, drug addiction, domestic abuse, or even just “petty crimes” (such as selling loose cigarettes or passing a counterfeit $20 bill).