House Democrats really have no choice.
As University of North Carolina law professor Michael Gerhardt testified at Wednesday’s Judiciary Committee hearing, “No member of this House should ever want his or her legacy to be having left unchecked a president’s assaults on our Constitution.”
He explained: “If Congress fails to impeach here, then the impeachment process has lost all meaning, and, along with that, our Constitution’s carefully crafted safeguards against the establishment of a king on American soil.”
Not clear enough? “I want to stress that if what we’re talking about is not impeachable, then nothing is impeachable,” he said.
The other legal scholars testifying Wednesday focused more on the ample evidence of Trump’s abuses of power, but Gerhardt’s job was to expound on Congress’s obligation not to cede the powers expressly granted it by the Constitution as part of the “checks and balances designed to prevent any branch, including the presidency, from becoming tyrannical.”
Trump’s arguments “boil down to the assertion that he is above the law. The president himself has declared the Constitution gives him ‘the right to do whatever I want as president,’“ he said.
So if Trump is not impeached, the Constitutional boundaries that limit a president’s power “will just evaporate. And those boundaries are set up by the Constitution and we may be witnessing, unfortunately, their erosion. And that is a danger to all of us.”
There’s no possible historical justification for a failure to act: “The president’s serious misconduct, including bribery, soliciting a personal favor from a foreign leader in exchange for his exercise of power, and obstructing justice and Congress are worse than the misconduct of any prior president, including what previous presidents who faced impeachment have done or been accused of doing.”
And there’s no option to punt, either: “If left unchecked, the president will likely continue his pattern of soliciting foreign interference on his behalf in the next election.”
So it looks like Congress is finally going to reassert itself, after 18 years of submission.
A Major Course Change
This is a huge course change, and ought to be a big part of the media coverage, because ever since the 9/11 terror attacks, Congress has been engaged in a wholesale ceding of power to the presidency.
At first it succumbed to a concerted assault by Vice President Cheney and his legal counsel, David Addington, who asserted a doctrine of unfettered executive power in wartime. Congress either averted its gaze or acceded to torture, mass domestic surveillance, and the many other trapping of what became known as the imperial presidency.
President Barack Obama publicly distanced himself from a few Bush/Cheney executive power overreaches, but Congress stood by silently as he institutionalized most of them. He denied Congress any say in his expansive use of drones and cyber attacks. When Obama unilaterally expanded the military campaigns in Syria and Iraq, Yale Law School constitutional scholar Bruce Ackerman wrote that he was “betraying the Constitution he swore to uphold.”
Trump, meanwhile, has shattered so many of the previously-observed Constitutional, legal and behavioral limits to the presidency it’s hard to know where to start. He has made a mockery of Congress’s responsibility to conduct oversight. He blatantly violates the Constitution’s Emoluments Clause on a daily basis. He has installed family members in official positions in the White House. He pardons war criminals. He intimidates congressional witnesses on Twitter, threatens enemies, accuses opponents of treason, and mocks allies.
His declaration of a national emergency to unilaterally seize funds to build his border wall and his refusal to end American military involvement in Saudi Arabia’s brutal attacks in Yemen actually sparked two small bipartisan congressional rebellions earlier this year — but they were both easily quashed by a presidential veto.
Until now, there have been no consequences for Trump’s flouting of Congress.
Now, finally, and with no real choice, House Democrats are poised to impose some.
But at heart, it’s a reassertion of Congress’s Constitutional role in the checks and balances that the framers designed to prevent tyranny.